Kaulantak Peeth, the abode of Siddhas, from time immemorial has practiced the worship of universal shakti by invoking the shakti in the body of prepubescent girls. She is worshipped as the physical manifestation of that divine energy which is pure and untainted energy of the supreme reality Brahma or Shiva before the whole creation took place. The energy is also known as Matri Shakti or in the literal sense, she had the power to procreate. When her womb then became fully developed, she multiplied herself and gave birth to the universe. Kumarika is the preliminary stage of evolution of that energy before she could procreate. That supreme energy is worshipped in young prepubescent girls as Kumarika Shakti.
Why and how does Kaulantak Peeth worship Kumarika?
Kaulantak Peeth worships Kumarika in the form of a universal mother that existed before the universe. Therefore, she is beyond both creative and destructive virtues. She is therefore the goddess beyond matter or in simple words, she is para-shakti. That primordial shakti is just like a stem cell of our body that can multiply and form any organs of the human body or the mini-universe. She is like water, formless and shapeless therefore she can procreate herself into anything in this universe. Therefore, the Siddhas of Kaulantak Peeth held the primordial Kumarika shakti in very high esteem and worshiped her.
Kaulantak Peeth worships Kumari in three ways.
The Peeth first anoints a permanent Kumari for its rituals. The Peeth always adorns her with various colorful dresses and ornaments that portray divinity as she is divinity personified in the human body. She is the main Kumari and Kaulantak Peeth needs her in almost all their rituals and functions.
Representational Kumari The Peeth can also anoint Representational Kumari for a certain period for specific purposes like Shree Vidhya worship, some rituals where multiple Kumari’s are required, etc. In the absence of permanent Kumari, a representational Kumari or interim Kumari is anointed so that the rituals of Kaulantak Peeth to worship the ultra-feminine goddess don’t stop.
The Temporary Kumari is anointed by Kaulantak Peeth for special occasions only, for instance, Navaratri Puja where multiple Kumari is required for a short period. She is also required to fulfill some specific rituals like dressing up as Kurukulla Devi to make a small yarn (Dori) which is needed to tie the Mali Mukha of Kurukulla for the Kurukulla chariot. She is also required by the Peeth for blessing purposes on certain occasions like if she touches the offerings, it is believed to be blessed, etc. She is subordinate to the permanent Kumari and is not a permanent post.
Difference between Kaulantak Peeth’s Kumari tradition with others
There is a fundamental difference between the Kumari worship tradition of Kaulantak Peeth with others. In Kaulantak Peeth, Kumari worship is performed by worshipping Chausath Yogini Mandala where Kumarika is worshipped as the primal deity. Even in the worship of Dus Mahavidhya, Kumari is worshipped as a primal deity. Kumari is the representation of Yogini Mandala because Kaulantak Peeth is the tradition of Yogini Kaula kula. Nothing becomes fruitful in Kaulantak Peeth without worshipping Yoginis first. Therefore, the whole 64 Yogini Mandala is worshipped in the form of Kumari.
Another fundamental difference between the Kumari tradition of Kaulantak Peeth and others is the absence of vamachar. Since, Kaulantak Peeth is rajas-oriented Peeth therefore the worship of Kumari is performed through aesthetic virtues like dance, beauty, etc. Vamachar is not promoted by the Peeth at all in the worship of Kamari’s. The Kaulantak Peeth tradition of Kumari worship is a mixture of Satwa and Rajasik virtues. The adornment of the Kumari is performed through rajas virtues while the worship module, her education is performed through the satwik module. For instance, sweet roti or danoli is prepared for Yogini and is also offered to Kumari. In Kaulantak Peeth tradition, special flowers brought from the most satwik place of earth i.e. Hanskund area is offered to Kumari. A special flower called Nargis or wild Daffodil is found in the hills of the Hanskund area. The flowers are believed to be the resting place for Yoginis, therefore the flowers are brought and offered to the Kumari signifying secretive satwik practices. The Kumari then offers the flower to the relevant deities.
Another fundamental difference is that the worship module of Kumari of Kaulantak Peeth is secretive and cannot be found in the public domain. It is purely based on guru-disciple tradition so the worship rituals are unique. The Kaulantak Peeth performs the worship rituals by its own accord and is not dependent upon any texts. Only selected Bhairava/Bhairavis are allowed to participate in the worship module. The Bhairava/Bhairavi have to be rigorously prepared for it.
Mahamaya Kurukulla and Kumari
The Kaulantak Peethj believes that Kumari is the manifestation of Mahamaya Kurukulla in Bala swarupa. As per the folklore, when Mahamaya Yogmaya manifested from the eyes of Lord Vishnu when he was in deep yoga Nidra, she manifested as Bala or a small girl, unmarried. The Kaulantak Peeth, therefore, worships Kurukulla as Kumari in her Bala swarupa.
Another perception regarding Kumari is related to Ma Sati Devi. From her childhood days used to be so deeply engrossed in the sadhana of Shiva that she always was able to maintain the Kumari state. Therefore in the Hilly areas, Kumari is considered to be the manifestation of Ma Parvati into the body of a young girl.
Lastly, she is also considered as Nitya Kanya or her ability to remain in the state of Kumari eternally. Furthermore, as already mentioned she is that untainted energy that is free from all dualities therefore she is Kumari, the untainted primal energy of the universe.
Major rule for Kumari
Kaulantak Peeth has very strict rules when it comes to Kumari. The anointed Kumari is not permanent because of the age factor. If she matures and after her menstruation cycle starts, she is released from the duty of Kumari. Furthermore, once the Kumari is anointed, she has to continuously chant the mantras that are given by the peeth. She also is trained to reach the trance state for rituals and shamanism. Her inability to do so also serves her role as Kumari because she is divinity personified. She always has to cultivate those divine virtues in her.
She also has to be present with Kaulantak Peethadhishwara at the time of Peeth’s rituals or in the functions of Kaulantak Peeth. The more she partakes in the rituals of Kaulantak Peeth, she is considered to be complete Kumari because repetition causes the divinity to multiply inside her.
Major links for Kumari
Kaulantak Peeth regards Kumari as the essence of its tantra. A separate website for Kumari is under construction. The website will provide holistic information about Kumari to the extent permissible by the Peeth. Until then, please click the link to read more about Kumari.